You will see a remarkable diversity in the world of coffee. Coffee is one of the oldest drinks in the world and has spread to numerous countries. Like languages have various dialects, coffee beans have different types associated with geography and have varying qualities and flavors. Here, we will present some general types of coffee beans along with an elaboration of their characteristics.
Arabica, the most frequent coffee type in use:
How common is Arabica Coffee?
Since this is the most popular, it deserves the first mention. Its production is about 60% of all the coffee variants that are produced.
History of Arabica Coffee:
It is also regarded as one of the oldest known types of coffee beans and its origins date back to as early as 1,000 BC in the highlands of the Kingdoms of Kefa, Ethiopia. The Oromo tribe of Kefa ate the bean, crushed it, and combined it with fat to produce ping-pong ball-sized spheres. The spheres were used as stimulants. However, making coffee out of these beans can be traced by Arab scholars and that’s why they are called “Arabica”.
How does Arabica Coffee taste?
Arabica has a moderate flavor and is described to have a light and airy sweetness. If we compare it with all other types of coffee beans, it is sweeter than all of them.
The Arabica Coffee Plant:
These beans are generally grown at high altitudes and require a consistent amount of rainfall as well as lots of shade. It takes roughly seven years for Arabica to reach full maturity.
Types of Arabica Coffee?
The Arabica coffee beans come in varieties such as the Typica and Bourbon beans. There are mutations in these coffee beans as well such as Caturra, Villa Sarchi, and others. Typica coffee has a comparatively lower production than Bourbon coffee beans since they are easier to produce.
Price of Arabica Coffee:
Arabica coffee generally has a higher price than the variants such as the Robusta coffee.
Robusta, the coffee with greater caffeine content:
How common is Robusta Coffee?
Robusta is another widely used type of coffee bean that nearly constitutes about 40% of the coffee. Arabica and Robusta are nearly 99% of all the kinds of coffee being drunk with Liberica constituting only the other 1%.
History, Geography, and Origins of Robusta Coffee:
It is a relatively modern invention that has origins in central and western Sub-Saharan Africa. Robusta coffee is grown principally in Vietnam, which accounts for 40% of global Robusta exports, followed by Brazil (25%) and Indonesia (13%).
How does Robusta Coffee taste?
When it comes to taste, a Robusta bean has 2.7 percent caffeine content, which is nearly double that of an Arabica bean, which has 1.5 percent of caffeine content. Of course, we can expect its taste to provide a strong boost and has a more bitter, earthy, and acidic flavor. It also has a kind of peanutty flavor.
Robusta Coffee Plant:
The high caffeine content provides a good immune system to the Robusta coffee plant. These plants can grow in much harsher conditions and they grow at low altitudes, in contrast to the Arabica beans.
Since it can be grown in much harsher conditions, its production becomes easier and less sophisticated. This is the reason that it doesn’t have a price comparable to that of the Arabica Coffee beans.
Types of Robusta Coffee:
Robusta coffee has varietals that are divided into two types:
- Erecta, which describes tall-standing coffee shrubs.
- Nganda, which describes wide-spreading shrubs.
Certain varietals of coffee are hybrids between the Arabica and Robusta coffee such as Kopi Luwak, Timor Hybrid, Icatu beans, and various others.
Liberica, the coffee with the biggest beans:
How common is Liberica Coffee?
As we can see, this variant is not as common as the Arabica and Robusta coffees. It can constitute about 1% or at most 2% of the total coffee production in the world. They are more common in countries such as the Philippines, Indonesia, and Malaysia.
History of Liberica Coffee:
The first Liberica coffee plantation was established in 1864, but reports of its cultivation date back to 1792. It originated in Liberia and, hence, has this name.
How does Liberica Coffee taste?
Its flavors have also been characterized as being smoky, nutty, and floral. If you have tasted dark chocolate, you can relate to the strong flavor of the Liberica coffee. It can a bit controversial and some people may not like its strong flavor while some enthusiasts may prefer it above other variants.
Liberica Coffee Beans and Plant:
The beans of the liberica coffee are bigger than all others and have irregular shapes. The Liberica coffee plant is hardier than the Arabica coffee plant because it can grow in hot climates, is resistant to pests and disease, and can grow at low altitudes.
This kind of coffee is rare and rare things are in general more expensive. It is more expensive than the varieties of Arabica and Robusta coffees.
Types of Liberica Coffees:
Excelsa coffee has been recently recognized as a genus of Liberica coffee. It is, however, described, with a more special kind of taste. They are lighter on flavor and have lesser caffeine content. This kind of coffee can be found only in certain places in Asia.
The Batanga coffee or Kapeng Barako can also be described as a variant of coffee belonging to the liberica coffee. They are famous in the Batangas province of the Philippines. This is known to have a stronger flavor and can be also used as a scrub in some local spas.
Since coffee has been normalized now, there are many developments in coffee. 64% of Americans consume coffee every day. To suit the taste of different people, different kinds of coffee are produced. Some hybrid kinds of coffees are also introduced. There is a great deal of learning concerning the topic of coffees. We are likely to see more developments in coffee in the future.