Arabic coffee, also known as Turkish coffee or Greek coffee, is a type of coffee brewed using finely ground coffee beans and hot water. It is served traditionally in small cups and known for its strong, rich flavor and thick, foamy consistency. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to make Arabic coffee:
- Start by gathering all the ingredients and equipment. You will need:
- Finely ground coffee beans (preferably Arabic or Turkish)
- A small pot or saucepan
- A heat source (stove or hot plate)
- A small cup for serving
- Measure out the desired amount of water and pour it into the pot or saucepan. The traditional ratio for Arabic coffee is 1 cup of water for every Two teaspoons of coffee. However, you can adjust this ratio to your personal taste.
- Place the pot or saucepan on the heat source and bring the water to a boil.
- Once the water is boiling, add the ground coffee to the pot. Stir the mixture well to ensure that the coffee is distributed properly throughout the water.
- Allow the coffee to boil again, then reduce the heat to low. The coffee should continue to simmer gently on the stove, but not boil over.
- As the coffee simmers, a thick foam will form on the surface of the liquid. Using a spoon, carefully skim the foam off the top of the coffee and set it aside in a small cup. This foam, known as “kaymak,” is considered a delicacy and it is traditionally served on top of the coffee.
- Continue to gently simmer the coffee on low heat for several minutes until it reaches the desired strength and flavor. Be careful not to let the coffee boil over or burn, as this will ruin the flavour.
- Once the coffee is ready, carefully pour it into small cups, distributing the foam evenly among the cups. Serve the coffee immediately, along with the reserved kaymak foam on top.
While making Arabic coffee, use high-quality, finely ground coffee beans for the best flavor. The traditional method of grinding the beans is to use a small, hand-held grinder called a “mihbash” or “mihbaj.” This grinder is designed specifically for grinding coffee beans into a fine powder, which is essential for achieving the characteristic thick, foamy consistency of Arabic coffee.
Besides the coffee and water, Arabic coffee is traditionally flavored with spices such as cardamom, cinnamon, and cloves. These spices can be added to the coffee during the simmering process, or they can be ground and mixed with the coffee beans before brewing.
Finally, Serve Arabic coffee in small cups, as the rich, strong flavor of the coffee can be overwhelming in larger quantities. The small cups also make it easier to enjoy the foam and spices on top of the coffee.
In conclusion, making Arabic coffee is a simple yet rewarding process that requires only a few ingredients and basic equipment. With a little practice, you can easily make this delicious, traditional beverage at home, and enjoy its rich, flavorful taste and unique, foamy consistency.